Probation is a sentence imposed by a criminal or family court at the time of adjudication or sentencing. Probation permits the offender to remain in the community under conditions specified that the court and requiring supervision by a probation officer.
In contrast, parole is early release from incarceration for certain convicted prisoners. Parole is granted by a parole board. If granted parole, the parolee serves the remainder of his sentence back in the community under supervision of parole officers. Parole is a state, not a county function.
No. Adults and juveniles placed on probation must obey the law, attend school or be suitably employed. They must report to their probation officer as directed and allow these officers to visit their homes. If directed, they must make restitution or complete community service.
Treatment is required for those with a history of drug, alcohol, sexual abuse, psychiatric or psychological problems.
In criminal court the most common offenses committed by probationers are:
In Family Court, adults are placed on probation for committing acts of domestic violence. Juveniles are placed on probation for committing an offense that if committed by an adult would constitute a crime; or after being found to be a Person in Need of Supervision (PINS) due to a pattern of ungovernable behavior.
Restitution is monetary compensation paid to victims to reimburse them for loss, damage or injury as the result of a criminal act.
In Albany County, the probation department is the designated collection and disbursement agency for restitution collected not only from probationers under our supervision, but from inmates in both local and state penitentiaries and from parolees.
Yes. In Albany County the majority of convicted sex offenders are sentenced to a term of probation. In view of this, the Department of Probation developed what has become a nationally recognized sex offender program that offers intensive supervision coupled with offense-specific treatment in an attempt to maximize community safety.
The department supervises both convicted adult and juvenile sex offenders. A wide range of interventions are employed, such as on-site group therapy, off-site individual therapy use of polygraph examination, computer forensics and surveillance to maximize community safety.
An Ignition Interlock is a device that, when installed in a motor vehicle, prevents a person from starting the engine, or in certain cases from continuing to operate a motor vehicle after having consumed alcohol. The device records numerous activities via photo and data including
The fact that someone has been convicted of a crime is a matter of public record. However, access to Probation records is governed by New York State law and Office of Probation and Correctional Alternatives regulations While the department is always able to receive information from the public about a probationer, the department may not be able to divulge specific information about a probationer.
It should be noted that the department may not divulge information concerning individuals who have been adjudicated as youthful offenders in Criminal Court or as juveniles in Family Court.